One of the biggest trends in classroom teaching is the “flipped classroom,” which lives up to its name: Classwork at home, homework in class
- Students learn lessons at home — with the help of videos and/or other materials their teachers provide — and then do their “homework” in class, getting individualized help from the teacher and working with other students.
Q. What exactly is a flipped classroom? (The Daily Riff – The Flipped Class: Myths vs. Reality)
The traditional definition of a flipped class is:
- Where videos take the place of direct instruction
- This then allows students to get individual time in class to work with their teacher on key learning activities.
- It is called the flipped class because what used to be classwork (the “lecture” is done at home via teacher-created videos and what used to be homework (assigned problems) is now done in class.
The Flipped Classroom is NOT:
- A synonym for online videos. When most people hear about the flipped class all they think about are the videos. It is the interaction and the meaningful learning activities that occur during the face-to-face time that is most important.
- About replacing teachers with videos.
- An online course.
- Students working without structure.
- Students spending the entire class staring at a computer screen.
- Students working in isolation.
The Flipped Classroom IS:
- A means to INCREASE interaction and personalized contact time between students and teachers.
- An environment where students take responsibility for their own learning.
- A classroom where the teacher is not the “sage on the stage”, but the “guide on the side”.
- A blending of direct instruction with constructivist learning.
- A classroom where students who are absent due to illness or extra-curricular activities such as athletics or field-trips, don’t get left behind.
- A class where content is permanently archived for review or remediation.
- A class where all students are engaged in their learning.
- A place where all students can get a personalized education.
Q. How has this affected standardized test scores?
Flipping the classroom makes the teacher more important! Now, the teacher is not just the disseminator of knowledge, but the chief facilitator and the chief learner. However, with any fundamental shift in teaching practice, there is a period of transition–both for students, to unlearn the passive approach to traditional lectures, and for the instructor, to become familiar with what works for his/her teaching style and course goals. Flipping the classroom can be a great model with a lot of positive benefits over the traditional model. However, it does not replace the initial requirement for having both a motivated teacher and student.
Resources and References
- Economist – Flipping the classroom
- Edutopia – Five Best Practices for the Flipped Classroom
- Facebook – The Flipped Classroom
- Flipped Learning
- Flipped Learning Network
- Flipped classrooms improved test scores and teacher satisfaction (Infographic)
- ITeachEM – Flipping the Medical Classroom
- Khan Academy
- Penn State – 7 Things You Need to Know about Flipping the Classroom
- TED – Salman Khan: Let’s use video to reinvent education
- Washington Post – The flip: Classwork at home, homework in class
- Washington Post – ‘Flipping’ classrooms: Does it make sense?
- Wikipedia – Flipped Teaching
- Wired – Flipping the Classroom Requires More Than Video